Webinar: "Sunset and the emergence of superpowers in the international order"
Ibn Sina Scientific Research Institute, Sarajevo
11/23/2020

Dr. Emir Hadžikadunić
The international order and competition of America and China

Introductory speech
"This topic should be broken down into its constituent parts, the story of the international order, order, structure, system, and then we can put in the context of today's rivalry between China and America, and finally we can give some projection of those relations, that rivalry." In this sense, there are different theoretical approaches to defining the world order, which can be more or less egoistic in nature, more or less anarchic, hierarchical, more or less liberal, institutional, etc. "

 


"Different approaches define different frameworks, the settings give the possibility of different thinking, observation, or collection of specific facts. Thus, different assumptions are drawn when it comes to the world order, and in that sense, this is a "living topic" that is being debated, not only this year. The long debate over defining the world order has been going on for at least two and a half decades, long before the corona virus, the Covid pandemic, and even before China’s impressive growth. Some serious scientists, first of all, American structural realists, they challenged the conventional wisdom, that is, the reality that the United States, as the only superpower, will stay on that scene for a long time, in that way. In their argument in the mid-1990s, they called it a unipolar illusion. A similar argument, indicating that American liberal hegemony is also gradually collapsing. That it was harmful, both to the United States and to the rest of the world. Especially with its devastating effects in Iraq and Afghanistan. On the other hand, there are assumptions that American liberal hegemony is still vital, if nowhere else, then at least in Europe, and that this unipolar moment, first mentioned in the early 1990s, will still take some time.
That the United States is, by all real indicators, richer, more powerful, more influential than any potential competitor in the international system, despite the constant debate further fueled by global disruptive events like Covid19. That, say, U.S. annual defense spending is twice the combined military spending of, say, China and Russia. That the U.S. still has the largest economy that can finance that kind of defense spending. That the U.S. share in global PPP is 25% and that it is higher than the global share of China 16% and Russia 2%, combined. In this sense, various conclusions are drawn, that this unipolar world is still going on, that a new bipolar world is being born between China and the United States, or that a new multipolar world is being born, which is perhaps a little more anarchic, , Russia and perhaps India. There are also analysts who talk about a non-polar international order that is more complex, that is, multi-layered and that includes some regional powers, such as Indonesia, Turkey, Iran, Brazil, etc. There are also pessimistic perspectives that indicate the seriousness of the current situation, ie that the rivalry between China and America will one day grow into a conflict for a new world order, if not a conflict for a new world order, then certainly a serious dynamic situation when it comes to changing the regional system. in that Indo-Pacific region. "
This is the introductory part of the presentation of dr. Hadžikadunić, the sequel can be watched / listened to in the posted video, and we will have the complete work soon.